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Jumat, 23 September 2011

Introduction [Computer Organization and Architecture]

Architecture is those attributes visible to the programmer
Instruction set, number of bits used for data representation, I/O mechanisms, addressing techniques.
e.g. Is there a multiply instruction?
Organization is how features are implemented
Control signals, interfaces, memory technology.
e.g. Is there a hardware multiply unit or is it done by repeated addition?
All Intel x86 family share the same basic architecture
The IBM System/370 family share the same basic architecture

This gives code compatibility
At least backwards
Organization differs between different versions

Structure & Function
Structure is the way in which components relate to each other
Function is the operation of individual components as part of the structure

Functional View

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